• Why


  • New words and terms the tutees come across in their reading are always good to learn.
  • Others are words that they need for everyday living. If you did the mind map in point 1 above you can use that to see what kind of vocabulary they need to learn.
  • The more vocabulary the students know, the better they can understand and be understood


  • Help with small things such as individual sounds.
  • Help with bigger things like linking words together, correct sentence and word stress, intonation and so forth.
  • Help tutees with this because they want it. It also helps them understand others and be understood better.


  • Give tutees things to listen to then ask them questions about the dialogue or story.
  • Have students carry on a conversation with a friend or you. If they understand, they will be able to respond correctly.
  • Have tutees watch a video clip or read a paragraph and then summarize it in writing or speech. You could also have them tell you the main ideas.
  • Have tutees listen to a lecture or news report and take notes on it. Have them show you what they wrote. Help them know what to listen for. (Ex. They could listen for dates, times, events, grammar tenses, main ideas, etc.)
  • This is one skill that is often overlooked but is necessary in order for students to understand what is going on.
  • Everyone should practice this skill.


  • Make sure tutees have lots of opportunities to talk. The more they practice the better they will get.
  • Let tutees do most of the talking during your tutoring sessions.
  • You could give tutees assignments to talk to people they don’t know about topics you are working on.
  • Tutees always need practice.
  • The more they speak, the better they will get.


  • Have tutees read aloud with you.
  • Help tutees to learn reading strategies.
  • Find books that are recorded. Have tutees listen to them and repeat after the recording, or read along at the same time, trying to match the recording.
  • There are things to read everywhere (at the grocery store, street signs, labels, information on the Internet and so forth)
  • Reading helps with all the other skills.


  • Have tutees write short paragraphs about topics you are studying. Give feedback on the grammar in those paragraphs by writing comments about types of errors.
  • Let tutees correct themselves with guidance. Draw their attention to things and help them correct themselves.
  • Help tutees know the way we normally write essays. (Five paragraphs with an intro with the main ideas at the beginning…and a conclusion at the end.)
  • Help tutees learn to write because it will help them in their education and future jobs.
  • Tutees will always need to write things, especially e-mails, notes, and documents on the computer.